What are Instructions in Construction Contracts

Instructions are one of the important term in contract administration which everyone for a project should know.

In construction contracts, contract administrator has the power to issue instructions to the contractor. These instructions can be to change or vary the work scope, to carry out test, remedy for any workmanship or any discrepancy between contract documents.

Below explains what are instructions for a construction contract and how does it differ from variations.

What are Instructions in Construction Contracts

Instructions in Construction Contracts

Instructions are given by the Contract Administrator. Only Contract Administrator has the power to issue the instructions.

If the Contract Administrator behaves within the terms of the contract administration, then the contractor must comply.

Always instructions must be given in writing. If any oral instruction is given, it must be validated in writing immediately.

Sometimes instructions can be given during the site meetings. If these instructions are issued by the Contract Administrator and only if the instructions are recorded in minutes of meeting and agreed at a subsequent meeting, then these instruction become a written & valid instruction.

Instructions may issue requiring variations or sometimes regarding discrepancies between contract documents. The latter is an obligation.

Relationship between Instruction & Variation

A variation to be valid, it must be given as a written instruction and by the Contract Administrator. Without a written instruction from the Contract Administrator, a variation cannot be implemented.


Amila Gamage

Author: Amila Gamage

Amila Gamage is a Contracts Engineer with more than 16 years experience in construction sector. She writes this blog to share her experience and knowledge in the field of Contract Administration. View all posts by Amila Gamage